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Kyrgyzstan

Kyrgyzstan is known as the “Land of Heavenly Mountains”. Because it's covered with snow-capped mountains, fir forests, mineral hot springs, colorful desert cliffs. Among the mountains, you will meet herds of cattle and sheep, wild horses running across vast open spaces, white yurts on the banks of blue lakes. Kyrgyz national drink, delicious horse milk attract tourists from all corners of the world. It has been set apart in its uniqueness for centuries, with residents who are proud of their ancient nomadic tradition and hospitality.

Since ancient times, the Kyrgyz people hunted with eagles. Today you will also meet in some places of Kyrgyzstan, a traditional hunt with eagles. These hunters keep their eagles in their homes in special places and take care of them.

On the territory of Kyrgyzstan at one time many nations created their own state. Also, the territory of Kyrgyzstan connected east and west, the silk road passed through these regions. Therefore, ruined fortresses are preserved here. Situated on the famous Silk Road, where merchandise passed from China to Europe, Kyrgyzstan now opens its gates to tourists seeking to gain exposure to its nomadic culture, still practiced in the endless green plains and mountains.

In the villages, you will meet vintage cars such as Muscovite, Lada, Volga

The wild nature, low cost of living, and warmth and friendliness of the people welcome those seeking authentic, non-commercialized destinations, including:

Food and open market tours
Ancient cultures
Extreme tours, including:

  • Jeeps
  • Horses
  • ATVs
  • Ski
  • Fishing
  • Bikes
  • Paragliders
  • Mountain climbing

BISHKEK CITY

The name Bishkek means “kymyz churn”, made to ferment horse milk. Bishkek is Kyrgyzstan’s capital it's cultural, business, and financial center.

The city is very much shaped by the Soviet era, whose remnants are in its architecture, population, and language. If you are coming to enjoy Kyrgyzstan’s wild nature, don’t miss the experience of staying in Bishkek, which is completely different than the rural outdoor experience.

Bishkek provides you with a different perception of the fascination country and enables you to appreciate the contrast of old versus new, conservation versus development, and the society’s transition to the West, which is apparent in its restaurant, cultural scene, nightlife, and attractions around the city.

Bishkek offers a variety of traditional restaurants alongside international cuisines and fast food.

A day or night tour in Bishkek will reveal the various influences of the nomadic tribes and Soviet regime on the city’s and the entire country’s character. We will roam the alleys and wide avenues and visit public marble buildings and Soviet-style apartments, visit the gardens and monuments, and see the statues and bazaars that tell the city’s story with its cultural and sectoral variety.

OSH CITY

Osh is the second-largest city in Kyrgyzstan after Bishkek, and is known as “the Southern City”. Osh, a peripheral town, best represents the Central Asian character of Kyrgyzstan compared to the Soviet and modern Bishkek.

Both large ethnic groups in Osh, the Kirgiz and the Uzbek preserve their ancient culture in their daily lives by their food, dress, traditions, and community relations.

Situated at the entrance to the Ferghana Valley, Osh is one of the most ancient towns in Kyrgyzstan. For hundreds of years, it served as one of the key posts of the Silk Road and marked the exit point from China, where merchants from East and West met. It was the farthest destination reached in the east by Alexander the Great during his conquests in Asia.

The Holy Sulaiman Mountain is situated at the heart of Osh. It was recognized as a global heritage site and has served as a pilgrimage center for 1500 years. Suleiman Too Mountain, known also as “Sulaiman’s Throne”, “Sulaiman Stone”, and “the Crown of Sulaiman”, is named after prophet Sulaiman, i.e., King Solomon, who was buried here according to the tradition. Another tradition claims that Muhamad prayed at the site.

Barren women come to the mountain to pray for healthy children. This tradition has originated from the ancient customs of the Silk Road, which are a mixture of Islamic, pre-Islamic, and local faiths. The eastern slope of the mountain houses the Muslim graveyard, the Silk Route Museum, the Mausoleum of Asaf Ibn Burhiya (who according to tradition was the advisor of King Solomon), and the Ravat Abdulla Mosque.

KARAKOL CITY

The city of Karakol is the fourth largest city in Kyrgyzstan. It is the capital of the Issyk Kul Region and the nomadic population surrounding it provides the city its rural character.

The city is made of picturesque wooden cottages accessed by avenues decorated with poplar trees and orchards, and surrounded by snow-capped mountains. Karakul is located at the eastern edge of Issyk Kul, the second largest alpine lake in the world. Situated at a height of 1600 meters above sea level, Issyk Kul is one of Kyrgyzstan’s main tourist attractions.

As a center of tourism, Karakul serves as an exit point for day tours to nearby sites, treks, ski, and mountain climbing adventures. Each Sunday the city hosts the largest animal market in Central Asia, which attracts a large audience of vendors, buyers, and tourists.

During the Cold War, the lake served as a “secret” military base for testing the torpedo systems of the USSR’s submarines.

Best season to visit Kyrgyzstan:

For the high mountains, it is best to come during July-August, when the weather is pleasant (in comparison to the rest of the year, when the mountain peaks are too cold). The valleys are very warm during the summer and are best visited during the transition seasons – from April to June, and from September to October.

Independence: Kyrgyzstan used to be part of the Soviet Union until it gained its independence on August 31, 1991.

Capital: Bishkek

Currency: Som

Coordinated universal time: UTC +5

International dialing code: +996

Neighboring countries:

China in the east
Kazakhstan in the north
Uzbekistan in the west
Tajikistan in the south

Major languages:
Kirghiz
Russian

Religions:
Sunni Islam: 75%
Orthodox Christianity: 20%
Other religions: 5%

 

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